Essentially, filler is something that is used to fill gaps. Hyaluronic acid filler is a naturally occurring compound that is used to provide temporary fill in void areas. It binds to water and when injected into the skin, volumized, softens, and hydrates the skin. It also plays a role in cell growth, membrane receptor function and adhesion. Void areas make surrounding structures unnaturally prominent e.g. some eye bags are caused by the void under the eye areas that form due to aging. Rather than treating the eye bag, the under eye area can be treated using fillers, non-surgically lessening the bulge under the eye. By treating the area, hyaluronic acid hydrates the treated area, rejuvenating tired looking eyes at the same time.
There are other fillers available. Some permanent and some not. Non-permanent fillers are generally preferred over the permanent ones as it does not harbour long term side effects. An ideal filler should possess the following qualities:
1. Relatively painless to inject
3. Long lasting (but not permanent)
4. Consistent and reproducible results.
5. Reversible, or correctable if undesired results appear
6. Feels natural under the skin
7. Exert minimal or no downtime to patient
8. Low risks or minimal risk of complications as it is natural and can be removed by the body
Hyaluronic acid which is a naturally occurring and non-permanent filler that checks most of the criteria stated above. Hence, the use of products containing hyaluronic acid filler as a major ingredient has become popular among both men and women. Most of hyaluronic acid filler is injected into the skin on an outpatient basis, making the treatment a fast and effective method of creating a more youthful appearance.
These are the current brands of hyaluronic acid filler available and registered in Malaysia.
Other types of dermal filler available currently in market are:
Sculptra – Poly L Lactic Acid
Radiesse – Calcium Hydroxylapatite
Autologus Fat transplant